Ah, i see.. I thought when you said USB, you were talking about some mod that uses micro usb cable to charge instead of the proprietary one...You just need a $3 cable that has a USB A plug on one end and a 3ds power plug on the other. Any usb charger will work. I use them for my DS, 3DS, PSP, etc. No mods required and more convenient than carrying around a bunch of separate chargers.
Here’s one: https://www.amazon.com/Armor3-USB-Charge-Cable-New-nintendo/dp/B01N78TA7C/
You can get ones with multiple system connectors as well.