Taiko Drum Master is an English language name. There are no Taiko Drum Master games on the DS, only Taiko no Tatsujin DS and Taiko no Tatsujin DS 2. No translation patches have been released for them as of yet (not like one is needed, the game is pretty easy to figure out).
If you are talking about Taiko no Tatsujin and Mecha Taiko no Tatsujin, no, no patches exist I am aware of, but I still play them all the time. They are very playable without japanese language skills, much like Diagasso BBDX is.