Confused with all of those terms that members use in the NDS section? This is a glossary for new members to understand terms in this forum by using simple words! ROM A computer file which contains a copy of the data from a read-only memory chip, often from a video game cartridge, a computer's firmware, or from an arcade game's main board. [/p] Flashcart A device which allows you to hack a console that uses cartridges and cannot be softmoded, it is used for homebrew and ROM's [/p] Homebrew Unofficial software written for the Nintendo DS by hobbyist programmers, as opposed to software written by a game production company or corporation (using the official development tools from Nintendo). [/p] Kernel A bridge between applications and the actual data processing done at the hardware level. It is mostly used to overcome updates that block flashcarts. [/p] Firmware A the GUI that loads ROM images / homebrew. [/p] GUI In hacking terms, a graphical user interface (GUI, sometimes pronounced gooey,) is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices with images rather than text commands. [/p] Patch In DS hacking terms, a fix for ROM's, mostly used to pass Anti-Piracy. [/p] Anti-Piracy In hacking terms, not allowing a ROM image to load. [/p] Moonshell A homebrew multimedia player for the Nintendo DS, Nintendo DS lite and Nintendo DSi dual-screen handheld videogame systems. It is a well known piece of Nintendo DS homebrew software, and offers a way to play videos and audio on the DS, along with other homebrew games. [/p] Brick In flashcart terms, a flashcart that doesn't support the DSi system because it was updated, and it useless as a brick. This can be fixed if a special .nds update will be run on the flashcart from a original DS/DS lite or a DSi that wasn't updated yet.[/p] Dump A method of backing up an original cartridge to a PC.[/p] WOOD R4 An unofficial firmware that is used on real R4's or 1:1 clones. There are some carts that have there own WOOD R4 firmware: R4i DSN, R4i Gold, R4i Gold 3DS and R4i-pro gold.[/p] akAIO An unofficial firmware for the Acekard. Based on the open sourced Acekard R.P.G firmware.[/p] WAIO An acronym of "Wood-All-In-One". An unofficial firmware that works on most R4 clones, but development is dead at this moment. [/p] R4 clone A flashcart that is hardware-based on another flashcart, like "R4i Ultra", "R4i Gold". Most clones don't have any support at all, sometimes the "official" website doesn't even give the firmware or kernel.[/p] 1:1 clone A clone of the original R4 DS that can use WOOD R4 as default firmware. 1:1 clones of the R4 DS work only on the NDS PHAT and NDS Lite. Note that "R4i DSN", "R4i Gold" and "R4i-pro gold" are not 1:1 clones.[/p] More to be added soon!