Ya its sometimes hard...
How there is written NTFS is a journaling system that has many write cycles, because " it is targeted "log" file system requires frequent recording of disks during reading and writing". And how u know Flashdrives have a limited writecycles and is the primary factor for reducing their Lifetime, its the same if MicroSD, USB Flashdrive or SSD. U can get the maximum writecycles of Flashdrives at every Vendor and if their SLC, MLC,TLC or QLC. With every bit more in a Cell the Lifetime goes down. If a Cell is dead, its read only and u may have corrupt Data on your Drive if u write something. So fat filesysten is prefered, exfat was further invented for them and journaling filesystems like ntfs are not recommended.
Why not ntfs lite? Or just go and disable the jounaling system? Now u can search, run ,think, go deep and deeper in the filesystems.
At low level, Flashdrives require special handling such as wear levering and different error detection and correction algorithms. Traditional Formats like ntfs writing each time the same blocks, wich would cause dead cells on flashdrives. With wear leveling like exfat has, the write operations are equally distributed over the drive.
As addition s good to know that vedors like Sandisk and Western Digital have build in Controller in their Flash Cards/Sticks and SSD`s to perform wear leveling and other utilitys.
So Its not directly limited to a specific filesystem. U are free to use every filesystem on SSD, but need to know the pro and contras.